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The digital currency market is an ever-evolving landscape, rife with opportunities for savvy investors to capitalize on the use of trading bots. By leveraging the power of algorithms, these bots can execute trades with precision and speed unmatched by human traders. One essential element in the development of an effective trading bot is the incorporation of moving averages. This article explores the various types of moving averages and how they can be utilized to optimize your crypto trading bot.

Type of Moving Averages used in crypto trading

Simple Moving Average (SMA)

The Simple Moving Average (SMA) is calculated by averaging the closing prices of a specific number of periods. This basic method smooths out price fluctuations, revealing underlying trends. Although it's straightforward and easy to understand, the SMA tends to lag behind the actual price movement, making it less responsive to sudden changes. Traders use this indicator to find buy and sell signals for assets and identify support and resistance zones.

Exponential Moving Average (EMA)

The Exponential Moving Average (EMA) is a more advanced and responsive variation of the SMA. By applying more weight to recent prices, the EMA reacts more quicker to market fluctuations. This makes it a popular choice among traders who prefer a more dynamic approach to their automatic trading strategies. EMA is a more popular choice for crypto assets than SMA because the volatility of these assets requires a more responsive MA.

Weighted Moving Average (WMA)

The Weighted Moving Average (WMA) assigns varying degrees of importance to different periods, with the most recent prices receiving the highest weight. This results in a moving average that is more sensitive to recent market changes, providing a clearer picture of current trends for your trading bot to act upon.

Double Exponential Moving Average (DEMA)

The Double Exponential Moving Average (DEMA) is a refinement of the EMA, designed to further reduce lag time. By calculating two EMAs and combining them, the DEMA generates a moving average that is faster and more responsive than the standard EMA, making it an excellent choice for volatile markets like cryptocurrency.

Triple Exponential Moving Average (TEMA)

The Triple Exponential Moving Average (TEMA) takes the concept of the DEMA one step further, combining three EMAs to achieve even greater responsiveness. TEMA excels at detecting trends in fast-moving markets, providing an edge for trading bots seeking to capitalize on swift price movements.

Hull Moving Average (HMA)

Developed by Alan Hull, the Hull Moving Average (HMA) is designed to reduce lag and improve the smoothness of the average. By combining a weighted moving average with the square root of the chosen period, the HMA achieves a more responsive and accurate representation of market trends, making it ideal for crypto trading bots.

Rolling Moving Average (RMA)

The Rolling Moving Average (RMA) is a type of moving average that places more weight on recent data points and less on older data points. It is calculated by subtracting the weighted moving average of past data points from the current data points' average. 

The formula for RMA is: RMA = SMA(2 x n, X) - SMA(n, X), where SMA is the Simple Moving Average, n is the number of periods, and X is the data series. 

EMA and RMA use a multiplier in their formula; however, EMA is faster as the multiplier is higher.

Volume-Weighted Moving Average (VWMA)

The Volume-Weighted Moving Average (VWMA) considers both price and trading volume, offering a more comprehensive view of market activity. By accounting for the impact of trading volume on price movement, the VWMA provides a unique perspective that can enhance the performance of your crypto trading bot.

Choosing a Moving Average for Your Trading Strategy

Selecting the right moving average for your trading strategy is crucial for optimizing the performance of your crypto trading bot. Here are some key factors to consider when making your decision:

  • Market Volatility: Evaluate the volatility of the cryptocurrency market you're targeting. If it's highly volatile, you might opt for a more responsive moving average like the EMA, DEMA, or TEMA. On the other hand, a less volatile market may benefit from the use of the SMA or WMA.
  • Trading Frequency: Determine the frequency of your trading strategy. High-frequency traders may prefer the DEMA or TEMA, while lower-frequency traders can consider other types of moving averages that prioritize smoothness and trend identification.
  • Trading Style: Consider your overall trading style and objectives. Are you focused on short-term gains or long-term investments? A shorter-term strategy may benefit from the responsiveness of the EMA, HMA, or VWMA, while a longer-term approach might be better served by the SMA, or WMA.
  • Volume Analysis: Assess whether incorporating trading volume into your strategy would provide valuable insights. If so, the VWMA could offer a unique perspective that complements your existing approach.
  • Experimentation: Don't be afraid to experiment with various moving averages to find the best fit for your trading strategy. Backtesting your bot with different moving averages can help identify which one is most effective for your specific objectives and market conditions.
  • Combination: You can also consider using a combination of moving averages to create a more robust trading strategy. For example, you might use a longer-term SMA to identify the general trend direction while employing a shorter-term EMA to generate entry and exit signals.

Using Moving Average in Gainium

You can select this indicator by selecting “Technical Indicators” from the drop-down menu first, then “MA” in the “Indicator” Section.

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Moving Averages


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MA type

Using Moving Averages in Bot Trading

Examples of how to use Moving Averages in your bot trading strategy.

  • Identify the direction of the trend: One of the simplest ways to use moving averages is to identify the direction of the trend. Traders often use two moving averages, a shorter one and a longer one. If the shorter moving average is above the longer moving average, it indicates an uptrend, and if the shorter moving average is below the longer moving average, it indicates a downtrend. The 50 and the 200 MA are very popular to determine a trend. You can see in the image below that when the 50 is crossing up and staying above the 200, there is an uptrend.
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50 SMA and 200 MA


  • Determine support and resistance levels: Moving averages can also be used to determine support and resistance levels. When the price of an asset is approaching a moving average, it often acts as a support or resistance level. Traders can use this information to make trading decisions, such as entering a long position when the price bounces off a moving average, acting as support. The 200 MA is often used to identify these levels. As you can see in the example below, it created a strong resistance, and the price was rejected very strongly.
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200 SMA support/resistance
  • Generate trading signals: Moving averages can also be used to generate trading signals. For example, a trader may use a crossover strategy, where they enter a long position when the shorter moving average crosses above the longer moving average, and exit the position when the shorter moving average crosses below the longer moving average. In the example below a trader can enter a long when the 50 EMA crosses up the 200 EMA. EMA is faster than SMA so they are better suited to individuate entries and exits. The trader might want to close some of the whole position the moment the 50 EMA rouches again the 200. As volume is slowly decreasing, there is a higher chance the price might not be supported by the 200 EMA any longer.
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Entering and exiting a position
  • Use multiple timeframes: Traders can also use multiple timeframes to confirm trends and generate trading signals. For example, if the shorter moving average is above the longer moving average on both the 15-minute and hourly charts, it indicates a strong uptrend and may be an excellent time to enter a long position. In the image below, the trader might decide to enter a long on the 16 of March once the 50 EMA bounces off the 200 EMA because in the 1-hour timeframe (image above) the 50 EMA is indicating there is still a strong uptrend.
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Multiple time frames


Incorporating moving averages into your crypto trading bot's strategy can greatly improve its efficiency and effectiveness. By understanding the nuances of each type of moving average, you can tailor your bot's approach to best suit the dynamic and unpredictable world of digital currency trading. Harness the power of these advanced techniques to stay ahead of the competition and maximize your returns in the ever-evolving crypto market.

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Gainium is a publisher of financial information, not an investment adviser. We do not provide personalized or individualized investment advice. Cryptocurrencies are volatile investments and carry significant risk including the risk of permanent and total loss. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Figures and charts are correct at the time of writing or as otherwise specified. Live-tested strategies are not recommendations. Consult your financial adviser before making financial decisions.